Botswana is one of Africa's most stable countries. It is the continent's longest continuous multi - party democracy. It is relatively free of corruption and has a good human rights record. It is also the world's largest producer of diamonds and the trade has transformed it into a middle-income nation.
Source: World Statistics Pocket Book - United Nations  
                                                                                                    Summary Statistics
Full NameThe Republic of Botswana
RegionSouthern Africa
Surface Area581,730 sq km (224,607 sq miles)
Population2 million (UN, 2012)
Major LanguagesEnglish (official), Setswana
Major ReligionChristianity, indigenous beliefs
CurrencyPula (BWP)
Main ExportsDiamonds, copper, nickel, beef
International Dialing Code+267
                                                                                                    Economic Indicators
GDP (Million Current US $)20111,7328
GDP – Growth Rate at Constant 2005 prices (Annual %)20115.7
GDP per Capita (Current US $)20118,533.0
Gross Fixed Capital Formation (% of GDP)201128.5
BOP – Current Account (Million US $)2011...
CPI (2000 = 100)2011246
Labor force participation, adult female pop. (%)201171.7
Labor force participation, adult male pop. (%)201181.6
Internet users (per 100 inhabitants)20117.0
Exports (Million US$)20115,881.9
Imports (Million US$)20117,272.0
Major trading partners (% of exports)2011United Kingdom (62.4), South Africa (13.5), Israel (5.2)
Major trading partners (% of imports)2011South Africa (65.7), China (10.9), United Kingdom (9.9)
                                                                                                    Social Indicators
Population growth rate (Average annual %) 2010-20151.1
Urban population growth rate (Average annual %) 2010-20152.1
Rural population growth rate (Average annual %) 2010-2015-0.7
Urban population (%) 201262.3
Life expectancy at birth (Females and Males, years) 2010-201551.3/53.7
Infant mortality rate (Per 1 000 live births) 2010-201535.1
Fertility rate, total (Live births per woman) 2010-20152.6
Education: Government expenditure (% of GDP) 2006-20127.8
Threatened species 201220
Forested area (% of land area) 201020.0
CO2 emission estimates (000 metric tons and metric tons per capita) 20094,426/2.2